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Carpione (Salmonidae)
Carpione (Salmonidi)
The Carpione is a member of the salmon family that lives exclusively in the deep and pure waters of Lake Garda. For several reasons this fish is currently very scarce. The carpione has two reproductive periods: from December to January and from July to August. It can reach a weight between 1 and 2 kg and its diet consists of plankton.
Trout (Salmonidae)
Trota (Salmonidi)
The trout is called the queen of the lake thanks to its tasty flesh. It lives far from the coast at temperatures of between 15 and 20 degrees. It reproduces in November and December in shallow gravel beds. The male has a darker colour with a blackish belly and the tip of the lower jaw is more strongly curved. It reaches a weight of 4-6 kg and its diet consists almost exclusively of other fish.
The eel is carnivorous and voracious and usually lives in muddy depths. It can withstand staying on dry land for several days, crawling along the ground. The extraordinary thing is that the eel reproduces in the Sargasso Sea near Bermuda. After reaching sexual maturity it sets out on its long one-way trip to lay its eggs from which small transparent larvae which then turn into small eels of about 6-10 cm. At this point the eel returns to the fresh and peaceful waters of European lakes and rivers.
European perch (Percidae)
Persico Reale (Percidi)
This perch has highly prized flesh and is characterised by a spiny dorsal fin. It breeds in April and May, laying its eggs on aquatic plants. It can reach 4kg, but Garda species never exceed 2kg. It lives on the rocky seabed.
European whitefish (Salmonidae)
Coregone o Lavarello (Salmonidi)
The European whitefish is a silver colour, on average 50 cm long with a small almost toothless mouth. It feeds almost exclusively on plankton and its reproduction period is between December and January. In the breeding season its sides are covered with horny shields, more developed in the males, who are more intensely coloured, especially on the back and whose bellies have dark shades.
Alburnus arborella (Cyprinidae)
Alborella o Aola (Ciprinidi)
This small fish of the carp family is very well known to the people of the lake. It lives in shoals that often come up to the shore. It is a maximum of 20cm long and eats plankton. It reproduces from May to June, spawning near the shore at night in deep water, on plants or on sand or rock banks. An essence used to make artificial pearls is extracted from its scales.
Alosa agone (Clupeidae)
Agone (Clupeidi)
This fish of the herring family is known by four names at the lake depending on its age: scarabina, sardena, agone and cepa (which migrates into the lake). It feeds on plankton and reproduces in June, spawning near the shore in deep water.
Tench (Cyprinidae)
Tinca (Ciprinidi)
The tench can reach a length of 50 cm, is a greenish colour, has small scales and hunts at night. It feeds on aquatic plants, worms and insects. It reproduces between May and June along the southern shores of the lake spawning on aquatic plants, while during the winter it enters a type of hibernation on the muddy bottom of the lake.
Pike (Esocidae)
Luccio (Esocidi)
The pike has a long, thin body with small scales and is coloured green-brown with yellowish spots and a silver belly. Its mouth full of teeth makes it a voracious predator. It can reach two metres in length. It reproduces between February and May in shallow muddy or grassy waters near the coast. Its tasty flesh very popular.
Chub (Cyprinidae)
Cavedano (Ciprinidi)
The chub mainly feeds on worms, crustaceans, insects, frogs and mice, hence its nickname of the street sweeper of the lake. It reproduces between May and July, spawning almost anywhere on sand or rocks. It can reach 4kg and its flesh is excellent, although full of bones.
Barbus (Cyprinidae)
Barbo (Ciprinidi)
The barbus lives in shoals in deep oxygenated water between 10 and 17 degrees. It feeds on worms, molluscs, insects, fish eggs and small trout. It has retractable lips which it uses as sensory organs to find food. It reproduces between mid-May and mid-June, spawning on rocks. During winter the shoal minimises its activity, retiring to the peaceful depths of the lake.
Carp (Cyprinidae)
Carpa (Ciprinidi)
The carp lives near vertical banks and rocky depths rich in vegetation. It is omnivorous, feeding on aquatic plants, small crustaceans, insects and worms. It breeds in May and June in the morning hours when the temperature is around 20 degrees, spawning near the banks on aquatic plants.
Varone (Cyprinidae)
Varone (Ciprinidi)
This fish of the carp family lives in large shoals in clean water above rocky depths. It feeds on insects, worms, molluscs, eggs and even dead animals. It breeds in April and May along the banks on sandy or rocky depths, often on grassy areas. The male takes on a brighter colour during this season.
Burbot (Gadidae)
Bottatrice (Gadidi)
The burbot lives in depths of over 30 metres, approaching the shore to feed after sunset. It is a voracious fish that uses the hook under its mouth to attract prey. It feeds mainly on small perch, trout and whitefish, insects, worms and eggs. It reproduces December and March, moving about in large shoals. Its flesh is highly sought after for its quality and lack of bones.
Arctic char (Salmonidae)
Salmerino (Salmonidi)
The Arctic char is very similar to trout and many find it even tastier. It lives mainly in deep, clean water with rocky depths. It feeds on plankton, larvae, insects, molluscs and in adulthood on other fish. It breeds from November to January, coming up from the depths to spawn.
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April 2018